What are the different ureteral conditions that may require surgical intervention?
The ureter is a tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. The upper half of the ureter is located in the abdomen, while the lower half is located in the pelvic area. This tube has thick walls which have contractibility.
Conditions affecting ureter may affect passage of urine and blockage may lead to inflammation of kidney or Pyelonephritis.
Some of the common ureteral conditions which may require surgery are
- Infections of the urinary tract and system
- External trauma (like a car accident or other physical injury)
- Scarring due to previous surgery
- Radiation Therapy in surrounding organs (eg: for cervical cancer)
- Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
- Ureteral Reflux
- Blockage between kidney and ureter or ureter and bladder.
Delay in treatment of these conditions can result in permanent damage of the kidney.